major cause of type 2 diabetes

🔥+ major cause of type 2 diabetes 15 Jul 2020 SIXTEEN million individuals in the United States with type 2 diabetes mellitus and an ... control for reduction in total mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (6–11).

major cause of type 2 diabetes {Explain how diabetes can affect two other human body systems. It can affect the central nervous system because diabetes damages the nerves and can cause neuropathy. It can affect the urinary system because diabetes causes the kidneys not to function as properly and a lot of ketones and proteins build up in them. 2.Explain how diabetes can affect two other human body systems. 1) Heart: high blood glucose levels lead to complications like heart disease, stroke which leads to death. 2) Nerves: if blood glucose levels stay high for a while, the blood vessels feed the nerves can become damaged.|Explain how diabetes can affect two other human body systems. 1) Heart: high blood glucose levels lead to complications like heart disease, stroke which leads to death. 2) Nerves: if blood glucose levels stay high for a while, the blood vessels feed the nerves can become damaged.|Explain how diabetes can affect two other human body systems. Diabetes can affect the heart, because when glucose levels get too high it could lead to a stroke ...|Conclusion 1. Explain how diabetes can affect two other human body systems.Diabetes can affect two other human body system, you can get heart disease, skin ...|Explain how diabetes can affect two other human body systems. Diabetes can affect two other human body systems such as the heart and the nerves. It affects ...|Diabetes affects the body in many ways, especially if a person finds it difficult to ... and nervous systems, sexual and mental health, and other aspects of wellbeing. ... Glucose, or blood sugar, is the main energy source for the human body. ... are risk factors for both cardiovascular disease and diabetes.|Diabetes affects our blood vessels and nerves and therefore can affect any part of the body. However, certain parts of our body are affected more ...|Diabetes can cause long-term damage, from foot to nerve complications. Use this ... ​more · Real Health, Real Human: Life to the Fullest with Type 2 Diabetes ... This can lead to a wide variety of problems affecting nearly every major body system. ... There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.|If you drink alcohol, have no more than two standard drinks per day. ... Other parts of the body can also be affected by diabetes, including the digestive system, the skin, sexual organs, teeth and ... Support your immune system and reduce your risk of infection by: ... The activated link is defined as Active Tab.|Diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which sugar, or glucose, levels ... In later stages of the disease, your body may also not produce enough insulin. ... If you have two or more of these symptoms, you should see your doctor. ... Your doctor will explain how to recognize the early symptoms of blood ...|Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in the U.S. ... nerves, and other body parts; cause sexual problems; and double the risk of heart ...|If you drink alcohol, have no more than two standard drinks per day. ... Other parts of the body can also be affected by diabetes, including the digestive system, the skin, sexual organs, teeth and ... Support your immune system and reduce your risk of infection by: ... The activated link is defined as Active Tab.|Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body ... Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, can develop at any age, ... To understand diabetes, first you must understand how glucose is normally processed in the body. ... Glucose comes from two major sources: food and your liver.|The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 and type 2. ... Some of the risk factors for getting diabetes include being overweight or obese, ... to a destructive process affecting the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, is the main ... Antibodies are proteins in the blood that are part of the body's immune system.|Diabetes is a serious disease that can affect your eyes, heart, nerves, feet and kidneys. ... High blood sugar can cause damage to very small blood vessels in your body. ... Damage to blood vessels occurs most often in the eyes, heart, nerves, feet, ... Nerve damage stops you from feeling pain or other problems in your feet.|Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, the main type of ... Both make blood sugar levels higher than normal but they do so in different ways. ... system attacks and destroys the cells of the pancreas that produce insulin.|and Type 2 diabetes can have on human body systems. You will visualize this ... Explain how diabetes can affect two other human body systems. 2. Explain why ...|Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders ... Several other signs and symptoms can mark the onset of diabetes although ... Most affected people are otherwise healthy and of a healthy weight when ... Insulin is used by about two-thirds of the body's cells to absorb glucose from the ...|Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the body does not make ... Insulin traveling in the blood signals the cells to take up glucose. ... Other common symptoms are weakness, fatigue, confusion, nausea and ... Even after it is diagnosed and treatment is begun, type 1 diabetes can affect all body systems.|Diabetes mellitus is a very common disorder caused by high levels of sugar in the bloodstream. It affects a large number of people, with many more people remaining ... is a condition in which the body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin, ... Gestational diabetes occurs during the second half of pregnancy and is ...|Effective interventions, at both the individual and population levels, are ... Diabetes can affect many different organ systems in the body and, over time, can lead to ... which may explain the high prevalence of nephropathy at diabetes diagnosis.|Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high ... Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas by special cells, ... The body is unable to use the glucose for energy. ... This is more common in older adults. ... is diagnosed if it is 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher two different times.|Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, ... Another 2.2 million deaths were attributable to high blood glucose in 2012**. ... is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body's systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.|Diabetes is a serious disease that can affect your eyes, heart, nerves, feet and kidneys. ... High blood sugar can cause damage to very small blood vessels in your body. ... Damage to blood vessels occurs most often in the eyes, heart, nerves, feet, ... Nerve damage stops you from feeling pain or other problems in your feet.|Diabetes is a serious complex condition which can affect the entire body. ... There are different types of diabetes; all types are complex and serious. ... someone has diabetes, their body can't maintain healthy levels of glucose in the blood.|Type 2 diabetes is a long-term medical condition in which your body doesn't ... Learn more about the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of type 2 diabetes. ... There are about 29 million people in the U.S. with type 2. ... When these problems affect how your cells make and use insulin or glucose, ...|Uncontrolled high blood sugar can lead to a host of diabetes complications. ... Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in adults in the U.S., accounting for almost half of new cases. ... It can also affect your hands and other body parts. ... Multiple Myeloma Explained · Where Breast Cancer Spreads.|Glucose is the body's main source of fuel and comes from the foods you eat. ... gives facts about a person's blood sugar levels over the past two to three months. ... "Diabetes can affect the function and structure of the lower urinary tract, which in ... in patients with diabetes having more UTIs, overactive or underactive bladder, ...|Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the body can no longer produce insulin. ... (also called glucose) and other food sources into energy for the body's cells. ... type 1 diabetes, the body's own immune system attacks and kills the beta cells in the ... body's blood glucose level two hours after the intake of 75-grams of glucose.|These complications can affect almost every organ system in the body, ... If uncontrolled, diabetes can lead to stroke, heart attack, kidney ... Taking medications regularly and as directed is more difficult than it sounds. ... As difficult as it may be, it is important to discuss these concerns with your physician.|In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas. ... can cause damage to the kidneys, eyes, nervous system, and other organs. ... The two main challenges are finding an adequate supply of insulin-producing ...|With diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use it ... Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how ... In the United States, 88 million adults—more than 1 in 3—have prediabetes.|Diabetes can affect two other human body systems by these two systems being part of the social support structure of the person who has diabetes. They perhaps ...|The key to understanding the relationship between diabetes and these other areas ... Insulin and glucagon are two counter regulatory hormones that control the ... Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease that results in the destruction of ... The peptide has many physiological effects on the body including influencing ...|Diabetes is a serious condition that causes higher than normal blood sugar levels. ... of the disease, but there are also other kinds, such as gestational diabetes, ... In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system attacks the insulin-producing islet ...|Insulin's role in the body is to trigger cells to take up glucose so that the cells ... or their muscle and adipose cells may be resistant to the effects of insulin, ... For example, identical twins are much more likely to both develop type 2 diabetes than to ... to impaired central nervous system function, culminating in coma and death.|Diabetes mellitus is a disease that prevents your body from properly using the energy ... Too much sugar in the blood is called "hyperglycemia" (high blood sugar). ... There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2: ... Hormone changes during pregnancy also affect the action of insulin, which brings ...|As we learn more about the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus, we find that there is ... Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome with disordered metabolism and ... system destroys pancreatic beta cells, the only cells in the body that make ... and include both genetic and environmental elements that affect beta-cell ...|The following is a list of diabetes related terms and their definitions. ... The sugar carried by the blood to provide energy to the human body. ... between two objects at different electrostatic levels as they approach each other (for example, ... Gastroparesis - A condition of the digestive system that slows down the emptying of ...|Diabetes is steadily increasing in incidence and prevalence in the United States ... Knowing more about diabetes, and how to teach your patients about it, will put you in a ... After a meal, glucose levels in the body rise, which triggers insulin to be ... Using common analogies to explain the pathophysiology also can be helpful.|The result is a slower and lower rise in blood sugar throughout the day, especially right after meals. ... disorder of the body's immune system in which the immune system mistakenly ... a type of neuropathy affecting the lungs, heart, stomach, intestines, bladder or genitals. ... a pill that includes two or more different medicines.|Diabetes is a demanding disease, so it can affect your life in many ways. ... Part of the answer is obvious: everyone wants to have the best possible quality of life. It just feels good to be satisfied and happy. But there is another reason, as well.|The Case Western Reserve team discovered how two dicarbonyls ... diabetes to weaken hBD-2 function, and that of other beta-defensins," said senior author ... pattern in the distribution of ions by a body of matter, known as mass, and then ... The adaptive and innate features of the immune system can then ...|Learn the definition, causes and symptoms of diabetes. ... Diabetes is a disease that affects your body's ability to produce or use insulin. ... There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. ... In recent years, Type 2 diabetes has been diagnosed in younger people, including children, more frequently than in the past.|Diabetes is a condition in which your body doesn't make or use the hormone insulin properly. It causes too much blood glucose to build up in the blood. ... be happening to your eyes, your kidneys, and your cardiovascular system. ... Although you can't change your age, you can work on other risk factors to ...|Insulin is needed to get sugar into cells of the body, where it is used for energy. ... Another type of nerve damage called diabetic autonomic neuropathy affects ...|Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that occurs when a person's ... pancreatic beta cells are mistakenly destroyed by the body's immune system. ... diabetes) affects children and adults, though people can be diagnosed at any age. ... and carefully balance insulin intake with eating, exercise and other activities.|Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood, affecting over 13,000 children in New York. State. ... Program (DPCP) developed two publications, “Children with. Diabetes: A ... is caused by a specific problem with the body's immune system. ... explain blood and urine ketone testing in more detail.).|Increased blood glucose levels stimulate beta cells in the pancreas to produce ... in high blood glucose levels, which have a variety of negative health effects. Let's take a closer look at diabetes. In particular, we will discuss diabetes type 1 and type 2. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.|Over time persistent high blood glucose levels (BGLs) can damage the body's organs ... You should discuss your individual risk factors and how to reduce them with ... As having high blood pressure in diabetes further increases the risk of other ... In type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks the beta cells in the ...|And diabetes is a major health risk in the United States, affecting ... Type 1 diabetes occurs when a person's immune system attacks ... No one state is better than the other — in either of these two scenarios, your body's natural ... can drive people to feel that they have to eat perfectly,” explained Fletcher.|What are the complications or effects of diabetes? What are the symptoms of ... The human body can produce glucose or get it from food. There are three types of ...|This study was undertaken to gain a better understanding of the challenges of ... Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that destroys insulin-producing cells of the ... Long-term complications affect both micro- and macrovascular systems, ... Another participant, a 19-year-old woman diagnosed at age 7, explained how ...|A large body of evidence exists that supports a range of interventions to improve ... A grading system (Table 1), developed by the American Diabetes Association ... The OGTT is more sensitive for the diagnosis of diabetes and pre-diabetes, but is ... Two or more of the plasma glucose values must be met or exceeded for a ...|Find out more about what causes diabetes, its symptoms, treatment, and other ... does not produce enough of the hormone insulin, or the body can't use insulin properly. ... Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease, affecting ... the immune system destroys the insulin produced in the pancreas.|Diabetes is a chronic, autoimmune disease caused by a failure of insulin production. ... diabetes indicated they were also suffering from at least two other serious ... as high blood sugar and poor circulation injure nerves throughout your body, ... High blood glucose levels and weakening of the immune system sometimes ...|Diabetes is a disease in which your body either can't produce insulin or can't properly use the insulin it produces. ... Insulin's role is to regulate the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. ... Chances are, diabetes affects you or someone you know. ... In addition, prediabetes is another important diagnosis that indicates an ...|Find out the essential differences and how they affect the body. ... illustration of glucose and insulin in the bloodstream ... But type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are two different diseases in many ways. ... "Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease — the body's immune system attacks the cells in the ...|High blood sugar levels can seriously damage parts of your body, including your feet and ... And there are lots of different types of diabetes complications. ... You might hear your healthcare team talk about two types of diabetes ... having already set up the first diabetes foot clinic in the UK, helping to reduce amputations.|Read how alcohol can affect diabetics and learn 5 drinking tips for people ... sugar levels, which can cause liver problems and other health effects. ... consuming two to four drinks per day can affect diabetic blood sugar levels. ... Alcohol breaks down in the liver, where the body's blood sugar is regulated.|There are other hormones other than insulin that affect the blood sugar levels in your ... controls the production of glucose and another fuel, ketones, in the liver. ... and between meals and is important in maintaining the body's sugar and fuel balance. ... This may explain, in part, why individuals with diabetes do not suppress ...|Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows your body to use sugar (glucose) from carbohydrates in the food that you ... If your body does not produce enough insulin or your cells are resistant to the effects of insulin, ... Since type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, the longer someone has it, ...|An autoimmune disease results when the body's system for fighting infection—the immune system—turns against a part of the body. In diabetes, the immune ...|Diabetes is rare in children under 5, but if young children develop diabetes, it's serious. ... the body's immune system destroys cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. ... Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common in younger adults, but it is very rare in ... Remember that having diabetes can affect your child's behaviour.|Both types of diabetes are lifelong health conditions. There are 4.05 million people diagnosed with diabetes ...|See more ideas about Diabetes, Diabetes management and Diabetes information. ... Pre diabetes and diabetes can both be improved with a regular exercise. ... drug, stimulates the immune system, leading to tumor shrinkage in patients affected by ... The cause is due to the cells in the body not processing insulin properly, ...|A hormone called insulin is essential for the conversion of glucose ... enough insulin, or the body becomes resistant to insulin, or both. ... Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease where the body's immune system attacks ... Accordingly, diabetes shares a number of common risk factors with these other ...|Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which the amount of sugar in the blood is elevated. ... Diabetes insipidus is a relatively rare disorder that does not affect blood ...|In fact, the prevalence of the disease is growing in the U.S. More than 29 million ... In Type 1, the body's own immune system attacks insulin cells. ... These messages can affect people with and without diabetes, and many have a ... Browne's research points to two views expressed in the media: Type 2 is a ...|Insulin is produced by the pancreas, a small organ between the stomach and liver. ... Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the β-cells of the ... This discrepancy has not been explained – it might represent two views of the same ... Its effect on blood glucose may be due to action in the central nervous system.|Fiber is also found in other, lesser known substances that positively affect blood sugar levels such as flax seed meal and fenugreek seeds. Fats. The human body ...|There are two main types of diabetes and some other less common forms: Type 1 diabetes ... If diabetes is triggered, the body's immune system which normally protects us from infections ... explain what they feel is the best approach for your child and family. ... worried about the effect on the behaviour of our five-year-old.|Explaining the science behind type 1 diabetes, including the actions of insulin and ... Blood glucose from food is your body's main fuel source, but your body needs ... If you have type 1 diabetes, your body's own immune system starts to attack the ... immediately if you notice any of the following in either yourself or your child:.|The diagnosis of diabetes is not a death sentence and thanks to modern medicine ... You're now part of the very large and growing club of people with ... But diabetes ignored and left unmanaged can cause damage to your body. ... which foods you should eat more or less of, and how those foods affect your ...|So what happens when one is experiencing both diabetes and blindness? Where ... I had no functional vision in one eye, and the prognosis for the other was not good. ... The carbohydrate you eat affects your blood sugar level after the meal or snack. ... High blood glucose makes your body's immune system less effective at ...|In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, ... Type 2 diabetes accounts for the vast majority of people who have ... Both types of diabetes greatly increase a person's risk for a range of serious complications. Although monitoring and managing the disease can prevent complications, ...|system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas ... no natural insulin in the body of someone with type 1 diabetes, it has to ... their moods—and that can affect the whole family. ... Another way to explain diabetes is for your child to show their friends ... It is also used to give bolus insulin doses both.|To understand more about what diabetes is, it helps to know how the body uses food when you ... This means the immune system (your body's defense system) ... carbohydrate and will not affect blood glucose very much. Fruits ... Most of the time, it is best to avoid both of ... coach, and school counselor to discuss diabetes.|Another insulin analog that has been released is insulin glargine (Lantus), ... The addition of the two arginine units causes a shift in the isoelectric point to ... Because diabetes affects multiple organ systems, the perioperative impact can be profound. ... Diabetes has well-defined adverse effects on the cardiovascular system.|Diabetes is estimated to cost the Ontario health system just under one ... As well, changing personal routines can affect other family members. ... A person with diabetes typically has medical costs that are two to five ... A body mass index ( BMI ) greater than 27 signifies risk for the development of diabetes.|Insulin is required for the body to efficiently use sugars, fats and proteins. ... Diabetes mellitus occurs more commonly in female dogs and in male cats. ... There are two major forms of diabetes in the dog and cat: 1) uncomplicated diabetes ... immune system, the few bacteria that are pushed under the skin with the needle will ...|The programme is designed to be run by two health professionals - a. Diabetes ... 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Thus ... proteins, which are involved in antigen presentation in the immune system. ... twin pair is affected, the incidence of Type I diabetes in the other twin is about 50%.|The first four of these variables are fixed and constant in living systems. ... Two other factors constant in vivo are protein concentration and amino group microenvironment. ... in the areas immediately surrounding each amino group has a direct effect on ... These last factors may explain the non-random pattern of amino group ...|2.1.4 Nervous system Many neurological conditions, such as Parkinson's ... paralysis and diabetic neuropathy affect the balance and mobility of the ... Paralysis on one side of the body, due to hemiplegia/ hemiparesis can cause ... 2.1.9 History of falls Once an elderly person falls, he or she is two to three times more likely to ...|Such fats are straight and as such, can be packed very tightly, thus allowing storage of a ... The more double bonds, the greater the risk of oxygen radical formation ... contributing to increased formation of saturated fat formation in the body]; fish ... other disorders, such as diabetes mellitus, hyperadrenocorticism, pancreatitis, ...|This is useful, as diabetes does not always cause symptoms, especially in the A simpler ... you can understand how your body Effect of cereal test breakfasts differing in ... Your digestive system changes carbohydrates into glucose (blood sugar). ... alcohol use (defined as >4 or 5 beverages per day for two weeks or more) is ...|Too much glucose leads to fatty deposits or clots on the insides of the blood vessel walls ... -Brain (domino effect on other body organs. -Nervous System. Organs Stroke Effects. Stress. Diabetes can cause stress, but stress can have some effects on diabetes. ... Explain how diabetes can affect two other human body systems.|Can how does diabetes affect cholesterol eat eggs ? 10. ... 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Did you know that people with type 2 diabetes are two to four times more likely to develop heart disease or have a stroke compared with those who don’t have diabetes—and at a younger age? It’s true.

Diabetes is among the strongest risk factors for heart and vascular disease. It’s right up there with smoking and having high blood pressure or high cholesterol. Having diabetes means you have too much sugar (also called glucose) in your blood. It can affect the way your heart works, and harm blood vessels. For example, the lining of the blood vessels may become thicker, which can impair blood flow. Many people have poor blood flow in their legs and feet, which can lead to numbness and weakness. Diabetes can damage other organs as well, including the kidneys.

Diabetes and heart disease share many of the same risk factors, such as having high cholesterol, being overweight, not exercising and smoking.  

The Diabetes-Heart Disease Connection

  • Most people with diabetes also have other risk factors for heart disease and stroke that they must manage.
  • Strict control of things such as weight, not smoking and blood sugar is critical.
  • People with diabetes are just as likely to have a heart attack as those who’ve already had one.
If you have diabetes, it doesn’t mean heart disease is bound to happen. In many cases, there are steps you can take to keep your diabetes in check and stay ahead of heart disease. But it’s not always easy. If you have or develop heart disease, then you will have to manage several conditions, which can seem daunting.

Things you can change to be healthier—your weight, food choices and level of physical activity—are called “modifiable risk factors.” Understanding these factors and working to improve them can help you feel more in control of your health. Below are some tips for managing diabetes while staying heart healthy.

1. Set clear goals for controlling your diabetes and keeping tabs on your health.

Work with your health care team to decide 1) what lifestyle changes you can reasonably make, 2) if medicine or insulin is needed, 3) what your ideal level of blood sugar (also called blood glucose) should be, and 4) how to keep your cholesterol and blood pressure within a healthy range.

Ask questions if you don’t understand your health care provider’s suggestions for managing your diabetes or other heart risk factors. Your provider might want you to keep track of certain health measures at home; for example, by using home glucose or blood pressure monitoring, taking your pulse, or stepping on a scale to record your weight.  

2. Be sure all of your health care providers are on the same page.

If you have diabetes, you probably see a number of specialists, including an endocrinologist, eye and foot doctors, in addition to your primary care provider. Most people living with diabetes have other health problems that need to be managed as well. Each provider may order blood work and other tests. Ask that copies of test results and notes from health visits be available to all of your providers so that everyone is on the same page. They should be aware of your conditions, treatments, up-to-date list of medicine and your goals for care.

3. Check your blood sugar level regularly, based on your provider’s advice.

The higher your blood sugar level, the higher your risk of heart disease. You and your health care provider should decide on your target A1C level; it may depend on your health conditions and age. A1C gives an estimate of your blood sugar over the past two to three months. Also, make sure you know what to do if your blood sugar is too high or too low.

4. Lose weight if needed.

Shedding 10 to 20 pounds can make a big difference when it comes to lowering your blood sugar, cholesterol and/or blood pressure. Plus, as you lose weight, you likely will feel better and more able to stay active and make healthy food choices. Take the time to talk with your health care provider about what weight loss plan might help you safely lose weight and keep it off.

“I tell all my patients with type 2 diabetes that exercise is the best prescription you can write for yourself.”

Edward Hulten, MD, MPH, FACC, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Md.

5. Get moving.

Our bodies are meant to move. Regular exercise can prevent diabetes and help control it. When you exercise, your blood glucose level goes down because your muscles use glucose.  

The trick is to find things to do you enjoy and make them a habit. Sometimes, adding a social element can help keep it fun. Try signing up for a dance or swim class, or joining a running club or an online group that helps you check in and be accountable.

Getting 30 minutes of exercise at least five days a week often is advised. Talk with your health care provider about how to safely exercise more, especially before starting a new routine. Start slowly and commit to a certain number of days a week. If you can’t find 30-minute blocks of time, try to exercise for 10 minutes a few times a day. Remember, activities like cleaning the house and gardening also count. Exercise can lower blood sugar, and in some people, it can drop a lot, so keep your monitor and a snack available while exercising.  

Infographic: Diabetes

(Click to view)

6. Make healthy food choices.

Ahealthy diet, such as a plant-based or Mediterranean-style diet, can help control diabetes. It can also improve other heart disease risk factors such as obesity, cholesterol and blood pressure. Focus on eating nutritious foods that are low in fat and high in fiber, and aim to fill your plate with a colorful assortment of fruits and vegetables.

Foods high in carbohydrates can increase your blood sugar. Moderation is important when eating grains—and be sure to choose whole grains.

If you need advice, a nutritionist or dietitian can help.

7. Kick the habit.

If you smoke, quit. Diabetes and smoking can cause your blood vessels to tighten. If you need help, ask about local smoking cessation programs and other support services. While you’re at it, try to limit alcohol, too. Alcohol is a hidden source of sugar, and drinking too much can make other conditions worse or more likely.

8. Take all your medicine as prescribed.

Use reminders or a pillbox if needed. Tell your health care team if you have trouble taking your medicine (for example, remembering to take doses, side effects, concerns about cost). Make sure you understand why you are taking each medicine, how it works and what to do if you miss a dose. Ask your health care provider if you need to take an aspirin.

9. Be your own champion.

It can be hard to learn that you have diabetes, but it’s important to advocate for yourself and commit to lifestyle changes. You also need to take charge of your health. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to eye and kidney issues. It also affects blood flow and sensations in your feet and legs, making you more prone to having sores that don’t heal and could become infected. If you have leg pain or numbness, tell your health care provider. You will need annual eye and foot exams, as well as routine blood work and other tests. Add reminders to your calendar so you don’t miss these health visits.

Many people with diabetes and heart disease also struggle with depression. Anxiety or depression can hinder your treatment and also may promote not-so-healthy choices. You might lose your steam to exercise or turn to fat-laden comfort foods or alcohol. Watch how you are feeling and seek help if needed. Stay involved in activities that make you happy, boost your mood and help you de-stress.

10. Find your team.

Whether it’s finding a walking buddy or someone to go to your health visits with you or just provide a listening ear, make sure to surround yourself with people who will support you and help you reach your goals.

Remember your ABCs

Try to keep heart disease and stroke at bay by controlling:
  • A1C (blood glucose)
  • Blood pressure
  • Cholesterol

In addition, always report any symptoms of chest pain, shortness of breath, vision changes, wounds that won’t heal, leg pain or numbness.
Resources to Help

For more information, visit CardioSmart’s type 2 diabetes condition center.

The American Heart Association also has a website called My Life Check that prompts you to check your cardiovascular risk and suggests steps you can take to live healthier.

The American Diabetes Association ( has a wealth of resources, too.

Last Reviewed: March 2019 | Medical Reviewers: John Bucheit, PharmD, BCACP, CDE; Deborah Croy, DNP, RN, ANP-BC, AACC
Originally Published: November 2016 | Medical Reviewers: Deborah S. Croy, DNP, RN, AACC; Edward A. Hulten, MD, FACC
CardioSmart Editor-in-Chief: Martha Gulati, MD, FACC

Diabetes and Heart Disease: Management with a Team Approach.

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The average American today consumes three pounds of sugar a week. In the 1800s, the average American consumed two pounds of sugar a year!